Glaucoma is a medical condition that affects the eyes’ optic nerves. It will get so bad over time that one can become blind if not enough medical intervention has been done. Know that there’s pressure build-up inside the nerves that should be treated right away. In some cases, this can run through generations of families, but some won’t get this usually until they are much older.
The pressure is called an intraocular one, and this can damage the optic nerves. The optic nerves are the ones responsible for sending the images you see to the central nervous system. If the damage worsens, the result can be total blindness, which can happen in just a few years.
Most people don’t feel the symptoms until it’s too late. If you are one of the people who think that there’s something wrong with your vision, you need Heru AI vision diagnostics for glaucoma to get an accurate picture of your condition. It’s essential to visit an ophthalmologist regularly before things can turn bad.
Lost vision is something that can’t be brought back. You need to lower the pressure on your eyes so you can avoid eyesight conditions. Patients with glaucoma are often advised to follow a treatment plan and follow their doctor’s home remedy recommendations.
Causes of this Medical Condition
There’s a fluid in the eyes called aqueous humor that flows through a channel similar to a mesh. If the channel is blocked, the eye may produce a lot of liquid that can cause build-up. Researchers don’t know the cause of this blockage yet, but it was said that this could be passed from parents to children through genetics.
One of the less common causes may be chemical or blunt injuries. Others may be because of severe infections, inflammation, or blocked blood vessels inside the optic nerves. However, these are rare, and surgeries can correct the conditions caused by blunt trauma. Read more about blunt trauma when you click here.
Risk Factors to Consider
Adults who are over 40 years old are usually at risk of the condition. However, this can be seen in younger children, teenagers, and young adults as well. Many African Americans may get this when they are infants, and there was a history of glaucoma that runs in the family. Others who are likely to get this medical condition include:
- Russian, African American, Inuit, Scandinavian, Hispanic, or Japanese descent
- People who are over 40 years old
- Family has a medical history of glaucoma
- You have diabetes
- Currently taking prednisone or other steroid medicines
- Certain drugs are taken for seizures, bladder control, or cold
- Had experienced an eye injury
- People who have sickle cell anemia, heart diseases, and high blood pressure
Standard Tests to Know About
It’s essential for those who are at risk to get their eyes checked regularly. They may want to get comprehensive exams like pachymetry, gonioscopy, perimetry, ophthalmoscopy, and tonometry to see if they have glaucoma.
Routine eye tests include tonometry which measures the pressure inside the eyes. During this procedure, the technician uses eye drops to numb the areas in the eyes. A tonometer device will be used to measure the inner pressure to determine if it’s in the normal range. Learn more about a tonometer here:https://www.verywellhealth.com/tonometry-eye-pressure-test-3421842. Many cases are diagnosed when the pressure exceeds about 20 mm Hg, but it can be unique to each person.
This is a diagnostic utilized to help doctors examine their optic nerves for damage. Eye drops are used for pupil dilation, and the doctor will examine the colors and shapes of the nerves. A small device with a light at the end is used to magnify the optic nerves. If there’s something unusual, then a doctor may request perimetry.
This involves an exam where your field of vision is produced through a map. The testing can determine whether your vision is affected by glaucoma. You will be asked to look at the lighter spots, and they will be positioned in various areas to draw a map of your eyesight.
You should not worry if you see a delay in the lights’ movement, primarily if they are located around your blind spots. Try to respond and relax so that the test will be accurate. Doctors usually repeat this test for a more precise diagnosis.