Breast Cancer – Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment of Breast Cancer: When somebody gets the news that she or he has cancer, then it almost looks like a death sentence. All of us understand the survival rate of cancer is quite low, particularly when cancer is detected late. People are scared to visit a doctor because the physician may find something and get themselves assessed. But other kinds of cancers and breast cancer must not appear as a death sentence because a lot of people have surpassed breast cancer, they understand what the best treatment for breast cancer is.
Breast cancer is becoming a menace all around the globe. Many women are killed throughout the world as a result of breast cancer. Mainly, you will find several causes behind changing this cancer.
After lung cancer, it’s thought to be the second common type of cancer worldwide and the fifth common reason for cancer death.
An introduction to breast cancer
Breast cancer typically initiates in the lobules or inner lining of the milk that supply them with milk. When breast cancer begins from the ducts is known as ductal carcinoma, while one that develops in the lobules is called lobular carcinoma. The malignant tumor can extend to other parts of the body.
As said earlier, the most common invasive cancer globally is breast cancer.
Breast cancer rates are substantially higher in developed countries compared to ones that are developing. There are several reasons because of this, with potentially life expectancy being among the crucial variables are – breast cancer is more common in aged women; women in the most affluent states dwell considerably longer than those in the poorest countries. Eating habits and different lifestyles of females in poor and rich nations may also be contributory factors, experts consider.
Causes of Breast Cancer
There is absolutely no best way to say what causes breast cancer. Even it is hard to tell by the specialist, why one person suffers from cancer while others do not. Let’s take a look at the following known causes of cancer:
Women who have a close relative who has had suffered from ovarian cancer or breast cancer are more prone to developing cancer. If two or more careful members suffer from breast cancer does not necessitate that another related family member will certainly have cancer instead this makes her more vulnerable.
- Getting Older
Age is a risk factor, women of older age are at higher danger of developing cancer. Typically, eighty percent of breast cancer occurs in 50+ years of women.
- Breast lumps
It is quite common for women who have certain types of benign lumps in their breasts more likely to develop such cancer. For instance, lobular carcinoma in situ or atypical ductal hyperplasia.
- History of breast cancer
Women who have even non-invasive breast cancer are more prone to develop cancer again, compared to those women who do not have any such history.
Overweight women and post-mensuration obese may have a bit higher risk of developing cancer. Experts say due to the higher level of Estrogen hormone in fat mensuration women are at an increased risk.
- Estrogen exposure
Women who have entered menopause later than usual or have started early periods have higher chances of developing breast cancer. This happens because their body is under the exposure of Estrogen for a longer duration.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
– A breast lump is one significant sign of cancer. Though they are not cancerous in nature, it is advisable one should consult the doctor.
– In a rare type of breast cancer, a rash occurs around the nipple, which appears similar to eczema.
– Change in the shape or size of the breast.
– The nipple becomes inverted.
– Thickening or sampling of the breast skin.
– Pain in the breast (rarely).
Breast Cancer – Diagnosis
She should speak to her physician promptly if your women find breast cancer signs and symptoms. A doctor, frequently a primary care physician initially, will perform a physical examination, and refer the patient to a specialist if he or she believes additional evaluation will become necessary.
Below are a few procedures and tests used to Diagnose Breast Cancer-
- Mammogram (X-Ray)
Breast cancer screening is becoming a contentious issue over the last few years. Professional bodies, specialists, and patient groups cannot now concur on how frequently it should happen, and when mammography screening should begin. Some say when the women are 40 years old regular screening should begin, others insist as the greatest age, and a few consider that only high-risk groups should have regular screening.
- Breast examination
The doctor will assess the patient’s breasts, looking out for lumps as described above and other abnormalities, like nipple discharge, inverted nipples, or change in breast contour. The patient will be requested to sit/stand with her arms above her head, like in different places and by her sides.
A sample of tissue from an apparent abnormality, like a lump, is removed and sent to the laboratory for evaluation. If the cells are found to be cancerous, the laboratory will even discover which type of breast cancer it’s, and the level of cancer.
Treatment of Breast Cancer
A team of experts will be associated with a breast cancer patient’s treatment. The team may consist of a specialist nurse, radiologist, oncologist, a specialist cancer surgeon, pathologist, radiologist, reconstructive surgeon, and radiographer. Occasionally the team may have a physical therapist, psychologist, occupational therapist, and dietitian.
Initially, the team first go through several factors before deciding on the treatment:
– Type of breast cancer
– Patient’s overall health
– The grade and stage of the breast cancer
– Patient’s own wish or preference
– The age of the patient
Some of the primary breast cancer treatment options include:
– Radiation therapy
– Hormone therapy
– Biological Therapy, which is also known as targeted drug therapy.
Today, there is a wide array of options to treat breast cancer provided one should not ignore the symptoms and consult the doctor.