Experiencing Shoulder Pain? These Are The Causes And Treatments


Have you been experiencing shoulder pain lately? If so, isn’t it challenging to determine the cause and how best to treat it? Fortunately, with some knowledge about your shoulder’s anatomy and potential causes of pain, you can get relief quickly.


It’s worth noting that shoulder pain may develop gradually or suddenly due to injury or disease affecting any part of the structure from your neck down to your hand. Depending on which area has been affected, the severity of the pain and its possible treatment options may vary.

This article will discuss what might be causing your shoulder pain and the treatments available to help alleviate your discomfort.

Shoulder Pain


Shoulder Pain Causes And Risk Factors

A wide variety of factors can cause shoulder pain, and knowing the possible causes and risk factors is vital to determine the best course of treatment. Here’s a list to guide you:


1. Fracture

Fracture is one of the common causes of shoulder pain. It typically occurs when too much force has been applied to the bone, resulting in a crack or break. This type of injury can be excruciating and may require medical attention.

Common symptoms associated with fracture include the following:

  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Deformity of the joint
  • Pain that increases with movement or pressure

If you suspect that a fracture might cause your shoulder pain, it’s important to seek out professional care for diagnosis and treatment. Click here for adequate assistance regarding this injury.

2. Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulders, also known as adhesive capsulitis, are a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint that can last for months or even years. It usually develops gradually over time and affects people between 40 and 60 years old.

The exact cause of a frozen shoulder isn’t known, but it’s thought to be related to injury or an underlying medical condition such as diabetes or stroke. Doctors believe prolonged immobility due to lack of use may lead to adhesions within the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint, which restricts its movement and causes pain when trying to move it.


3. Bursitis

Bursitis is a painful condition often caused by repetitive activities or direct trauma. It occurs when the bursa (the fluid-filled sacs that provide cushioning between bones and soft tissues) become swollen due to excessive friction. Bursitis symptoms include tenderness in the area, pain when lifting your arm above your head, and difficulty moving your arm around freely.

Since prevention is critical when it comes to preventing further injury, it’s important to take care of yourself by avoiding any activity which could lead to inflammation in the shoulder joint, maintaining good posture while sitting or standing, stretching regularly before engaging in strenuous activities, and wearing appropriate protective gear if you participate in contact sports.

4. Dislocation

Another common cause of shoulder pain is dislocation. It occurs when the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) partially or fully separates from its socket in the shoulder blade. A sudden jerking motion or force can result in a dislocated shoulder, making it a harrowing experience for those who endure it.

With a proper diagnosis by a physician and following their recommended treatment plan, people suffering from a dislocated shoulder can expect to make a full recovery over time.

5. Cartilage Tear

Cartilage tears are a common cause of shoulder pain. This injury is often caused by repetitive overhead motions, such as throwing or swimming. It can also result from direct contact with the shoulder joint itself, like an impact from a fall or car crash. Symptoms vary but may include sharp pain when lifting your arm over your head, clicking and grinding noises from the shoulder area, weakness in the affected arm, and decreased range of motion.


Individuals with shoulder pain must seek medical attention right away to properly diagnose the condition so they can receive appropriate care to help them heal quickly and effectively while avoiding further complications.

6. Impingement

Impingement can be caused by various conditions. It occurs when the tendons or bursa around the rotator cuff become irritated and inflamed due to repetitive overhead motions. This condition can also happen with age-related degeneration in some cases.

Impingement symptoms include dull aches, tenderness, and sharp pains when raising your arm above your head. Diagnosis involves physical examination to check for signs such as weakness in the shoulder muscles, decreased range of motion, and loss of strength in specific movements. Imaging tests may also be conducted if necessary.

7. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is another common cause of shoulder pain. It’s caused by cartilage wear, which can cause inflammation and stiffness in the joint. Osteoarthritis tends to be more prevalent among those over 50 with previous injuries or an active lifestyle. The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is persistent pain that increases with movement or use of the affected joint.

It’s essential to seek medical attention if you’re experiencing shoulder pain that lasts longer than a few days so an accurate diagnosis can be made, and a treatment plan put into place. Working with your doctor will help ensure proper care and management of your condition, allowing you to return to normal activities safely and effectively.


8. Bone Spurs

Bone spurs are bony projections that can form near the ends of bones and can occur due to wear andtear or arthritis. They may be seen in people with a history of rotator cuff tendinitis, impingement syndrome, or other types of shoulder injury. When bone spurs rub against nearby tendons or ligaments, it can result in intense pain and discomfort.

The symptoms associated with bone spurs include localized tenderness around the affected area and decreased range of motion when attempting to move the arm away from the body. Other signs include grinding sensations during movement and swelling and inflammation around the joint.

9. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its tissues. It can cause inflammation and pain in the shoulder joints and other body areas, such as fingers, elbows, knees, hips, and feet. Symptoms may include stiffness and swelling around the affected joint. Other symptoms might be fatigue, fever, or weight loss.

Living with rheumatoid arthritis can prove challenging for some people; however, various lifestyle modifications can help lessen its impact on daily life. Eating healthy foods, getting enough restful sleep each night, exercising regularly, and avoiding activities that strain your joints will help you better cope with chronic pain.

10. Heart Attack

A heart attack is another potential cause of shoulder pain. A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle is blocked or interrupted, damaging that area of the heart. Symptoms include chest pain, discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, and sweating. Shoulder pain can also indicate a heart attack, so it’s important to seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms.


If your doctor suspects a heart attack, they will likely order tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) or echocardiogram (ECHO). An ECG measures electrical activity in the heart, while an ECHO uses sound waves to create images showing how well the heart pumps blood. Your doctor may also order other tests, such as a coronary angiogram, which checks for blockages in the arteries supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

Shoulder Pain Treatments And Home Remedies

Shoulder pain treatments and home remedies can help reduce the severity of shoulder pain. Here are some options to choose from:

1. Hot or Cold Treatment

Hot or cold treatments are often used to treat shoulder pain. A heating pad or ice pack can help reduce inflammation, improve circulation, and relieve soreness. Heat is best for chronic conditions, like tendonitis or bursitis; cold is more effective for acute injuries that cause swelling.

When using heat therapy, it’s important to keep the pad’s temperature below 110 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent burns. Apply the heat for 20 minutes every few hours throughout the day. You should also consult with your doctor before beginning any type of treatment program.

On the other hand, cold therapy works by numbing nerve endings and reducing inflammation. It’s recommended that you use an ice pack or frozen gel pack as soon as possible after an injury occurs. Apply it directly over the area that hurts, leaving it there for 15 to 20 minutes several times during the day until your symptoms subside. Be sure not to leave it on too long because prolonged exposure could damage skin tissue. With both types of treatments combined, you’ll be able to get back into action faster and feel better overall.


2. Rest And Exercise

Rest and exercise are both crucial components of treatment for shoulder pain. Resting the joint can help reduce inflammation, and exercising can strengthen the surrounding muscles.


  • Taking breaks from activities that aggravate your symptoms or cause discomfort is essential to managing shoulder pain.
  • Applying ice packs intermittently during periods of activity may also provide relief by decreasing swelling and inflammation around the affected area.


  • Strengthening exercises such as rotator cuff strengthening, scapular stabilization exercises, and thoracic spine mobility drills can all be beneficial in reducing shoulder pain.
  • It’s best to start with low-resistance exercises focusing on proper form before progressing to more challenging activities.
  • Stretching should also be included in a comprehensive rehabilitation program to improve flexibility and range of motion. Examples of stretches include doorway stretch, arm circles, and figure-4 stretching for the glutes.

Working closely with a physical therapist who can guide you through appropriate rest and exercise strategies explicitly tailored to your needs is essential. With their help, you can develop an individualized plan to improve your shoulder health and reduce pain levels over time.

3. Acupuncture

One potential treatment for shoulder pain is acupuncture. This ancient Chinese medicine practice involves using thin needles to stimulate specific points in the body that are believed to be connected to areas of injury or illness. Acupuncture can help reduce inflammation, improve circulation, and relieve muscular tension. It has also been found to release endorphins, which are natural chemicals produced by our bodies that act as painkillers.


While many people find it intimidating initially, acupuncture is very relaxing when done properly. A qualified practitioner will make sure you’re comfortable before beginning the session and explain what they are doing every step of the way. Some may experience mild discomfort during an acupuncture session, while others may feel nothing; both results are perfectly normal. Afterward, patients often report feeling relaxed and relieved from their symptoms.

Acupuncture is a safe and effective shoulder pain treatment without significant side effects. So, if you’re looking for an alternative therapy option for your condition, this could be what you need to get back on track with managing your pain levels.

4. Painkillers

Painkillers are a common option for treating shoulder pain. Over-the-counter medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce inflammation and provide relief from the discomfort associated with shoulder pain. However, these drugs should be used cautiously as they can have side effects if taken in high doses or over long periods. If you’re considering taking over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers to treat your shoulder pain, speak with your doctor first about potential risks and interactions with any other medications you may be taking.

Prescription medications such as muscle relaxants, topical creams, corticosteroids, and opioids are also available to treat more severe cases of shoulder pain. These drugs decrease inflammation or numbness. Depending on the severity of the condition being treated, some prescription medications can even block the sensation completely.

However, it’s important to note that while certain types of medication can help alleviate symptoms of shoulder pain temporarily, they will not address underlying causes, which must be diagnosed and treated separately for lasting relief from chronic conditions, like arthritis or rotator cuff injuries.


5. Improve Posture

Improving your posture is an essential step in relieving shoulder pain. Poor posture can cause a misalignment of the shoulders and create muscle tension and strain, leading to discomfort.

To improve your posture, start by focusing on how you sit. Keep your back straight while sitting or standing with both feet flat on the floor. Avoid slouching, as this will cause more strain on your shoulder muscles. Additionally, try not to hunch over when typing or working at a desk; use armrests if available.

When sleeping, it’s best to lay on your back with a pillow beneath each arm for support. If you prefer sleeping on one side, make sure there is a pillow between your knees to bend slightly to reduce pressure on the lower spine and neck area. Taking steps toward improving posture may help alleviate some of the symptoms associated with shoulder pain.


The causes of shoulder pain are varied, and it can be difficult to know where to start when trying to find relief. Thankfully, several treatments are available that can help manage your condition. Rest is always important for any injury, but other options, such as exercise or acupuncture, are worth considering if the pain persists.

Painkillers may also provide short-term relief, although you should always consult your doctor before taking them regularly. Moreover, improving posture is another way to minimize shoulder pain in both the long and short term. This could involve anything from learning how to sit correctly at your desk to using ergonomic chairs.


Lastly, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution for shoulder pain, so work closely with your healthcare provider to get the best outcome possible. With proper care and treatment, you’ll improve your quality of life and enjoy activities without worrying about discomfort in your shoulders.


Sarah Williams

Sarah Williams is a blogger and writer who expresses her ideas and thoughts through her writings. She loves to get engaged with the readers who are seeking for informative contents on various niches over the internet. She is a featured blogger at various high authority blogs and magazines in which she shared her research and experience with the vast online community.

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