One of the most prevalent allergic diseases in the world is hay fever or allergic rhinitis. Nasal congestion, sneezing, and tiredness are common symptoms of hay fever. Hay fever affects over 10 million people in the UK.
It has two types:
- Seasonal Hay Fever – When the bees congregate and begin to buzz about, If you have hay fever during the fall, you are probably allergic to certain weeds and fungus spores. Tree pollens abound in the spring.
- Perennial Hay Fever – Perennial allergies are a typical condition that affects many people all year. Dust mites, animal dander (small flakes of skin), fur, or feathers are among the most common indoor allergens. Triggers for allergic reactions may be found in beddings, carpets, pillows, and draperies. Hay fever can also be caused by moulds. They like humid places such as your basement or bathroom and tend to thrive there.
The following are examples of common hay fever allergens:
- Pet fur or dander
- Dust mites
- Cigarette smoke
What Causes Hay Fever?
Hay fever is caused by an overreacting immune system. When an allergen (e.g. pollens) enters your body, your immune system sees it as a dangerous invader, triggering a chain of defensive reactions to safeguard you. Your eustachian tube becomes blocked, and the lining of your sinuses, eyelids, and nasal passages is inflamed. You also sneeze more frequently than usual.
Nasal symptoms are one of the most effective natural treatments for hay fever because they trap or expel allergens in your body.
Hay fever is frequently inherited. If one or more of your family members has hay fever, there’s a good chance you’ll catch it as well.
The best treatment for hay fever is Fexofenadine – it can treat all hay fever symptoms. It can also treat chronic skin hives and itching.
What are the Symptoms of Hay Fever?
The following are some of the most frequent hay fever symptoms:
- Itchy and watery eyes
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Ear fullness
- Postnasal drip that may lead to coughing
- Anosmia or the loss of your sense of smell
- Facial pain
- Prolonged and violent sneezing
- Runny nose or blocked nose
- Itching in your nose, throat, and roof of your mouth is typical.
Hay fever is a type of allergy that causes irritation, redness, and swelling in the nasal passages. The symptoms vary in severity and duration. It’s also determined by the weather. Hay fever is most common in March through September in the United Kingdom. Pollen thrives on hot, windy, and humid days like these.
Pollen, animal dander, mould, dust mites, and other irritants in the air can frequently worsen severe hay fever symptoms. Excessively noisy air can irritate and inflame the lining of your nose, making it more sensitive to things that would normally not bother you. The following are some of the most frequent irritants that can aggravate your hay fever symptoms:
- Wood smoke
- Aerosol sprays
- Irritating fumes
- Temperature changes
- Cigarette smoke
- Air pollution
- Humidity changes
- Strong odours
If not addressed, severe hay fever symptoms might result in a variety of problems, including:
- Ear infections (this is more common in children)
- Sinusitis (Chronic, severe sinusitis.)
- Allergic conjunctivitis (An infection caused by an allergen that has irritated the membranes of your eye’s cornea)
Hay Fever Treatments
Reduce your exposure to allergens to reduce hay fever symptoms. To prevent dust and mould from accumulating, you can clean and air out your room regularly. Here are some lifestyle modifications that you might consider:
- After interacting with your pets, wash your hands.
- To prevent mould growth, use a dehumidifier in your room.
- Keep the windows closed, particularly when the weather is dry, windy, and humid, to keep pollutants out.
- When you go outside, use sunglasses to safeguard your eyes.