Lexapro drug: Dosages, Drug Uses & Side Effects
An introduction to Lexapro drug
Lexapro drug is categorized typically as anti-depressant medicine that is primarily in white crystal shape. It is chiefly used to treat the anxiety. In several countries, Lexapro drug is strictly a prescription drug that patients should consume only on physician’s advice.
Also, the Lexapro side effects are severe.
What is Lexapro is used for?
- GAD or Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) gets anxious easily or start worrying at the extreme level even in non-crisis situations. These patients may start thinking about the family, money, disaster or any other difficulties even with no or little simulation. If such anxiety pertains for more than six months, then individual are categorized as GAD patient.
The GAD patients are comfortable to be scatterbrain, astonished and hard to be relaxed.
There are several symptoms of depression in humans. These symptoms can have some serious impact on one’s rest, the taste of dishes, school life, and job. People who are in depression finds difficult to achieve a joyful and peaceful life. Also, if the person suffering from depression is not seriously treated, then it may occur again.
Some of the common symptoms of depression include losing interest in an average set of activities, depressed emotions, appetite or weight changing, psychomotor agitation, insomnia and dreaminess, fatigue and losing a sense of responsibility or feeling guilty, somnolence, having suicide ideation or attempt, being slow-witted or the impaired concentration.
In the category of mental illness, GAD and Depression are the small diseases. The symptoms mentioned above usually hamper the day to day activities of the patient, or in some cases can disable the patient. These are chronic diseases and take longer duration for complete cure. Lexapro is the right medication for treating the GAD and depression patient for it is approved and of affordable cost.
What are the ingredients of Lexapro?
Lexapro is the ramification of Citalopram, which makes it a selective 5-HT depressant. In Central Nervous system Lexapro enhances the activity of 5-HT by restraining the reuptake of 5-HT. Experiments show that Lexapro has a small impact on dopamine and Norepinephrine. Also, it is a highly selective 5-depressant.
Lexapro is found to have a little affinity with benzodiazepines, 5-HT1~7, α (alpha) adrenergic receptor, and β (beta) adrenergic receptor, D1~5, H1~3, M1~5. With ion also, Lexapro shows little affinity.
Lexapro contains a linear Pharmacokinetics. The half value period is between 27 hours and 32 hours as its metabolism takes place in Liver. There is no influence of food on the absorption of Lexapro. When one consumes the prescribed dosage of Lexapro, the blood concentration will be stable in a week. For instance, if the patient consumes the 20mg of Lexapro, the blood will be 56% of Lexapro combined with a protein of plasma and the concentration of blood will come to climax in 5 hours.
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On its consumption, it is okay to observe the Lexapro metabolize product in the urine but in a small portion only.
A note on Lexapro Dosage
It is recommended that person at first take 10mg of Lexapro and the ideal time to take the Lexapro is in the morning or evening. If necessary, the dosage can be increased to 20mg followed by the first intake and in the second week of medication. Typically, there is no apparent treatment until one month later. The patient should consume appropriate dosage as per the doctor’s advice.
Lexapro Side Effects
Like any other medicine, Lexapro also has certain side effects. Some common side effects include anaphylactic reaction and toxic reaction. The anaphylactic reaction is related to the medicine and body, not the dosage, whereas toxic reaction is related to medicine and dose.
The Lexapro side effects influence several parts of the body
- Neutral nervous system and peripheral nervous system
Lexapro side effects in the peripheral nervous system, and a neutral nervous system has common symptoms of – a migraine, involuntary movements and hyperactivity, dizziness, rare tremors and muscle tension.
- Hypertension and Palpitation
Lexapro side effects in hypertension and palpitation have symptoms of slow heartbeats, electrocardiographic abnormality, varicosity, over the rapid beat of the heart, and flushing.
Lexapro side effects in Gastrointestinal have common symptoms of belching, hemorrhoids, increased appetite, rare esophageal reflex, difficulty swallowing, stomach polyps, bloating.
- Lymphatic system and Blood Disorders
Lexapro side effects in a Lymphatic system and blood disorders have common symptoms like the hematoma, rare abnormal anemia, and Lymphadenopathy.
The systematic Lexapro adverse effects include certain common allergies, limb pain, fainting, chills, fever, and facial flushing, fever and leg pain.
- Metabolic disorders
Metabolic disorders can also be the side effects of Lexapro. The common symptoms are – blood bilirubin increased, moderate weight gain, increased bilirubin, rare high blood sugar, and gout and weight loss.
- Skeletal muscle system
Skeletal muscle system can also receive certain side effects of Lexapro, which has following symptoms – back discomfort, stiffness in joints, arthralgia, rare muscle cramp, myalgia and joint stiffness.
- Respiratory system
The Lexapro side effects on respiratory system have following common side effects, sinus congestion, and bronchitis, and frequent cough, shortness of breath, rare asthma, pneumonia, and laryngitis.
- Reproductive system disorders (female)
The common symptoms of Reproductive system disorders as Lexapro side effects include menstrual disorders, menstrual cramps, increased vaginal discharge, premenstrual syndrome, breast enlargement and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Lexapro side effects on knowledge have common symptoms of dilated pupils, rare dry eyes, conjunctivitis, blurred vision, visual disturbances, abnormal taste, and blurred vision.
On Skin also there are side effects of Lexapro, which have following common symptoms, eczema, lipoma, alopecia areata, pruritus, and folliculitis.
- Urinary System
The adverse effects of Lexapro on a urinary system have following common symptoms, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, urinary frequency, and dysuria.
Contradictions and Attentions on using Lexapro
- – Lexapro should be stored in a normal and dry place
- – It should be kept away from the children
- – When you are taking other central nervous system medicine, then stay cautious on the consumption of Lexapro.
- – Stay cautious if taking the ethanol and Lexapro together
- – Keep in touch with your doctor and let your doctor know if any side effect symptom occurs.
- – If patients are on monoamine oxidase inhibitor, then they are not allowed to take the Lexapro
- – Patients are forbidden to take the Lexapro if they have an anaphylactic reaction to Lexapro and citalopram.
- – If the patient is taking Pimozide, then Lexapro is not allowed to consume in its combination.
Interaction between medications
When Lexapro drug is consumed in conjunction with warfarin (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), one should be careful to avoid the bleeding phenomenon. When the consumption of Lexapro is with cimetidine, AUC and Cmax then it Lexapro can be individually improved to 43 percent and 39 percent.
Lexapro Rating Summary
8.5/10 is an Average Rating