The internal examination of the uterus is known as Hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is used to check and diagnose the internal problems of the uterus. In this procedure, a thin telescoped camera and light is inserted into the uterus to examine the internal parts of it. This hysteroscopy device is inserted in the uterus through the vagina. That means to perform hysteroscopy, no cut is required. It’s a low-risk technique. Because of its benefits, hysteroscopy has become a standard part of the gynecologic surgeries.
Usually, in normal conditions to perform this task no anesthesia is required but the presence of an anesthetic is required. In a few cases, anesthesia is required. The patient may feel a bit discomfort while hysteroscopy but it is a must procedure in a few conditions. Hysteroscopy should always be performed under the observation of a skilled doctor.
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Further, in this article, we will tell you the reasons for performing Hysteroscopy, its procedure, cost, and side effects.
Why a Hysteroscopy is required?
There can be many reasons because of which doctors suggest you go for Hysteroscopy. Here, we are mentioning a few common reasons that lead to the Hysteroscopy procedure.
- Bleeding in between of two-period cycles is one of the most common reasons for Hysteroscopy.
- In the case of very light or heavier than normal bleeding during the period, Hysteroscopy is suggested.
- If you had multiple miscarriages, then also you will have to go through the hysteroscopy.
- To investigate the fertility issues in women, it is suggested. If you are not able to conceive then you will have to go through hysteroscopy.
- In case of bleeding after menopause, hysteroscopy is suggested.
- Hysteroscopy is suggested in the case of unusual bleeding and pelvic pain.
- The procedure helps in diagnosing the growth of fibroids and polyps in the womb.
- To investigate if your birth control or IUD came out.
- Hysteroscopy is done to get a small tissue sample of the lining of your uterus.
- If the doctor finds some abnormality in the PAP test.
How to Prepare for Hysteroscopy
Before Hysteroscopy, you should be aware of the reason of why this is happening to you. You can also discuss the alternative options of Hysteroscopy. The doctor will ask you for the blood test and pregnancy test before Hysteroscopy.
Types of Hysteroscopy
There are two types of hysteroscopy that are performed based on the problem of the patient.
To evaluate the endometrial cavity, Diagnostic Hysteroscopy is performed. Also, in case of uncertainty in other tests, Diagnostic Hysteroscopy is suggested to the patient by the doctors. Doctors also suggest this Hysteroscopy before IVF.
In Operative Hysteroscopy, an endoscopic optical lens is inserted into the endometrial cavity. This lens is inserted through the cervix. Operative Hysteroscopy is the treatment of different types of intrauterine pathology.
Hysteroscopy can be performed while you are awake. In few circumstances, doctors perform it when their patients are in the influence of general anesthesia. To perform Hysteroscopy doctor uses a speculum to spread the patient’s cervix. It is the same process which happens during the normal gynecological exam.
Now, the doctor inserts the Hysteroscopy device through the vaginal opening. The device will move to the uterus through the cervix. To get a clear view of the uterus, carbon dioxide or other liquid solution is inserted in the uterus. This carbon dioxide will help the uterus to expand and to give a blood or mucus free view of it to the doctor.
Now, a light fixed on the device shines in the uterus and it allows the doctor to see the uterus and the openings of the fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity. To perform a surgery, small instruments are inserted into the uterus with the help of Hysteroscopy device.
The procedure of Hysteroscopy can take anywhere between 10 minutes to 60 minutes depending on its needs.
The cost of Hysteroscopy depends on its procedure. Hysteroscopy can cost you from $750 to $3,500. The Diagnostic Hysteroscopy will cost you less and the cost of Operative Hysteroscopy is comparatively high. The above-mentioned cost is only for the Hysteroscopy. If you need some surgical treatment then you will have to pay extra for that. Also, the cost may vary from place to place, this is just a hint of what the procedure may cost you.
- If Hysteroscopy is performed under general anesthesia then the patient will have to be under the observation for few hours. It’s normal to feel light cramps in the lower abdomen after Hysteroscopy.
- The patient can also witness little vaginal bleeding after Hysteroscopy. This bleeding can continue maximum up to two days.
- If the doctor has used the gas during the Hysteroscopy procedure then you may feel some shoulder pain as well.
- Few patients may feel fatigue and sick after undergoing Hysteroscopy.
All the above-mentioned effects are normal after Hysteroscopy. It is suggested to visit the doctor if you feel unbearable pain in your lower abdomen or vagina, or if you have excessive bleeding. If you have got a fever after Hysteroscopy then don’t avoid it and visit your doctor immediately.
What to Expect After Hysteroscopy?
Recovering from Hysteroscopy is not very time taking process. Rest at home is the best thing you can do after the Hysteroscopy as we mentioned above that you can witness pain in the vagina and lower abdomen after Hysteroscopy. You can also have little vaginal bleeding and discomfort.
You can return to your work on the same day or a day after the Hysteroscopy. If some surgery is operated during Hysteroscopy then the doctor may suggest you have a rest for few weeks. Also, it is suggested to avoid sex for the next few days or until the bleeding is stopped. You also need to take rest when you feel tired. Do not ignore minor signs like breathlessness or severe pain in the pelvic region after Hysteroscopy. It’s a must for you to follow the doctor’s instructions strictly after Hysteroscopy.
Benefits of Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a very effective method to find out the issues behind miscarries or infertility in women. It can be performed in less time and the patient can recover from it very quickly. In any surgery to be performed during Hysteroscopy, it becomes less painful.
Though the article is not written by any medical practitioner, we have done proper research before putting all the information in this article. We still recommend you to do your own research and consult a doctor before reaching any conclusion. If you have any question, do comment below and we will try our best to answer it.