Alcohol & Drug Rehab: 6 Types of Programs You Must Know Before You Go For It
Alcohol and drug abuse can leave a lasting impression on one’s life. it not only destroys the quality of life but also destroys your relationships. The worst part is that substance abuse alters your brain. It affects your sense of judgment. Moreover, once addicted, it becomes tough to get rid of it. Simply skipping it results in withdrawal symptoms.
If you or someone close to you happens to be an addict, the first step to de-addiction is recognizing the problem. Drug addicts fail to accept their addiction. But once you do, you must take help from an alcohol and drug rehab center. With the help of trained professionals, you will get sober. It will immensely improve your life.
Why is it necessary to go to a drug rehab center?
Substance abuse affects the limbic system of the brain. This part is associated with the reward circuit. It means substance abuse triggers the release of dopamine-the feel-good hormone. As a result, the addict wishes to have more of it and over time, the brain gets dependent on it.
You will be shocked to know that over 7 million are addicted to drugs like heroin, methamphetamine, prescription medication, cocaine, and crack cocaine. A majority of them suffer from some form of permanent damage to the nervous system.
But, to get rid of this habit, you need the assistance and expertise of experts. Your body needs to learn to cope up with the withdrawal symptoms. At drug rehab centers, you are slowly made less dependent on drugs. You may need to take medicines, practice meditation, and divert your attention towards hobbies like reading, gardening, and painting.
However, these centers have different types of programs for different levels of addiction. It varies from person to person and also their requirement. Let us have a sneak-peak into the different types of alcohol and drug rehab programs:
1. Detox program
As the name suggests, it is the first step towards weaning off of the drugs. The body cleansing ensures that the body learns to survive without the drugs. You will experience withdrawal symptoms at first. A sudden urge to have drugs, severe headaches, mood swings, and depression are typical signs.
However, the professionals ensure that you get proper psychological support during this period. Depending upon the extent of addiction, the detox program can be somewhere between 7-30 days. It depends on how motivated the person is and how well the detox program is being carried out.
Once your body gets rid of all the drugs in the system, you need to maintain this status. Relapses most commonly occur at this stage. So, to be sober, most people go through additional therapies.
2. Residential or inpatient program
Drug addiction can relapse with the stress. Most people face this at their home, surroundings, or the workplace. To ensure that the addict does not come in contact with the trigger, a residential or inpatient program is the best.
It is mainly meant for heavy drug-addicts. Research shows that 63% of people who took professional help got sober for life-long. When you opt for a residential program, you get 24×7 medical care and support. The rehab centers have support groups, therapy sessions, counseling sessions, and expert medical care for the best outcome.
Residential de-addiction programs are meant to completely get rid of drug addiction while preparing the person to face the outside world in a better way. It also trains you on managing drug use urges and managing stress.
3. Medication-assisted treatment
Sometimes people are so addicted to drugs that they need medicines to control it. Medication-assisted therapy is the name for such programs. It combines both medicines and behavioral counseling to rehab a drug-addict. It is most commonly used for opioids and related drug addiction recovery.
Research shows that MAT reduces the chances of relapse by more than 50%. The high success rate can be attributed to the medicines used. These suppress the opioid receptors on the brain, thus stopping the drug cravings. The most commonly used drugs are Vivitrol, methadone, naloxone, subs, and buprenorphine. Usually, cognitive behavioral therapy accompanies MAT for best results.
4. Outpatient rehab
As the name suggests, the drug addict needs to attend the program at regular intervals. In this, he/she does not need to stay at the rehab center. It is best suited for people who are mild addicts and have strong family support. That way, they have constant access to emotional and mental support without the involvement of doctors.
At rehab centers, they receive educational classes on drug abuse, therapy sessions, behavioral therapy sessions, relapse prevention tips, and sober living tips. This type of program is the cheapest and also less time-consuming. But you must go for it only if you have a robust support system at home.
5. Court-ordered rehab
35 million people suffer from drug addiction worldwide. In 2019, there were 1, 558, 862 arrests in the United States for violation of drug law. In many cases, the court ordered the accused to undergo a drug-rehab program rather than punishing them.
It is usually for minor crimes where the judge can see that the accused committed it because of impairment of judgment under the influence of drugs. The program is similar to outpatient rehab. The accused has to pay for the treatment. The accused is released from the charges after the successful completion of the program.
6. Providers and social workers
The role of social workers and providers in controlling drug abuse cannot be overlooked. Being an active member of the community, they identify addicts and refer them to rehab centers. Also, they provide counseling sessions and therapies to the needy.
Drug abuse is the worst thing that one can do to their life. It not only affects the quality of personal life but also affects your loved ones. Once you recognize that you are addicted, you should consult a rehab center.
We all know that drug addiction is often caused by having mental health illness. Living with depression is a clear example that can be really difficult to overcome and sometimes having no professional help lead to drug addiction.
Always go for the program that best suits your mental and physical state. Never go for a cheaper program or shorter program against the professional’s advice. Drug relapses are common. So, the best way to get rid of it is by opting for the program as per the professional’s suggestion.